Biodiversity protection and preservation
29/03/2013Does the trust funds that use the interest from capital investments in the financial markets to support conservation of biodiversity are inefficient and lose their capital in this period of repeated financial crises ? This report provides answers to ...Read more
Does the trust funds that use the interest from capital investments in the financial markets to support conservation of biodiversity are inefficient and lose their capital in this period of repeated financial crises ? This report provides answers to such questions by analyzing the financial performance for the Conservation Trust Fund .
The 5th report of the series covers the performance of Conservation Trust Funds during the calendar year of 2011 and relies on information provided by 31 Funds in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia about endowments, sinking funds and revolving funds.
This report is the 3rd from the National Tropical Forests Working Group after those issued in 2003 and 2006. It reviews tropical forest issues arising among the French players concerned – government administration, private sector, scientific circles, civil society groups – in order to develop new guidelines to address the challenges of today, both in overseas France and with partner countries, particularly in view of the upcoming Rio+ Summit.
Why is the protection of tropical forests important?
First of all, about one third of all French forests are in the tropics, in overseas France. Secondly, France imports large quantities of tropical timber. Thirdly, tropical forests are a global public good because they contribute to climate stabilisation, biodiversity conservation, food security and public health. Finally, tropical forests offer vast potential for the development of a green and inclusive economy, for poverty reduction and for the preservation of traditional lifestyles in the countries partnering cooperation for development.
What progress has been made towards tropical forest protection?
Management planning and certification are making progress in the largest tropical forest areas, although much still needs to be done to advance sustainable management. Deforestation, although it has slowed since the 1990s and is partly compensated by reforestation, is continuing at a rate of some 13 million hectares each year, according to the latest report from the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
The Climate Convention recently established the REDD+ mechanism to encourage and contribute to financing for action to control deforestation. In 2010, the Paris Conference on the world’s major forest basins raised more than 4 billion US$ in start-up funds for REDD+. The Nagoya Conference on biodiversity set out the Aichi Objectives for 2020. The European Union has adopted a Timber Regulation to prevent imports of illegally felled timber and is negotiating partnership agreements with about a dozen tropical forest countries.
The FGEF International Waters portfolio is mainly targeted to support for the management authorities of shared water bodies, especially international rivers, but other areas of intervention are also covered, such as protection of catchment basins, improvements in water quality, coastal zone management and aquifers. Of particular note are projects for coastal zone protection, coastal ecosystem conservation and support for coastal populations, which combine biodiversity and international waters objectives.
Publication - Capitalisation report on biodiversity conservation experiences in the Congo Basin co-financed by the FFEM
This new publication (only in French) is a summary of the external retrospective assessment conducted in 2010 of “Biodiversity” projects co-financed by the FFEM in the Congo Basin . The brochure describes the results achieved by thirteen projects financed from 1997 to 2010. The FFEM’s total contribution to biodiversity conservation through these projects amounts to 15 M€ in grant commitments during the period.
After describing the current status of the Congo Basin and the issues that arise, the brochure presents the main results achieved, the lessons learned from the thirteen projects supported by the FGEF from 1997 to 2010, and their limitations. Observations are drawn from these findings in the field as regards the FGEF’s approach, along with recommendations to improve its effectiveness.
This brochure presents several experiences of biodiversity conservation in the Congo Basin, which were co-financed by the FGEF. With grants awarded to 13 projects and 25 small-scale initiatives by the end of 2010, the FGEF is among the foremost biodiversity conservation donors in the Congo Basin.
The "Capitalising on experience" series presents the FGEF’s strategic approach in different topic areas, through brief descriptions of the pilot activities and field operations conducted with its partners. This collection documents the capitalisation of experience in which the FGEF has acted as a partner for environmental preservation and sustainable management.