An historical commitment

From 1994 to today

FFEM with regard to international treaties and agreements on the environment
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Madagascar, Morarano PN Andringitra
FFEM was created by the French Government in 1994, following the first Earth Summit in Rio held in 1992.

During this international summit, States agreed on the need for sustainable and environmentally-friendly development and adopted the three Rio Conventions on the major environmental challenges.
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
The highlights of FFEM with regard to the international treaties and agreements on the environment
1985
From 1985 to 1991
  • 1985: Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
  • 1987: Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
  • 1989: Basel Convention on Hazardous Wastes
  • 1991: Creation of the Global Environment Facility  

States initiated cooperation which in less than 30 years reverses the trend of the depletion of the ozone layer

1992
1992
  • Helsinki Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
1994
1994
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Creation of the French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM)

1st International Waters project for water resources management in the Jordan River basin

1995
1995
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1st Biodiversity project for the preservation of the ecosystem of the Banc d'Arguin in Mauritania

1996
1996
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1st Climate Change project for the village-based management of forests in Mali

1997-2002
From 1997 to 2002
  • 1997: United Nations Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of Watercourses
  • 1997: Kyoto Protocol on reducing greenhouse gases
  • 2000: Cartagena Convention on Biological Diversity
  • Johannesburg Earth Summit
1997-1998
1997-1998
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Energy efficiency in buildings is a key element in the fight against climate change.

  • 1997: Energy Efficiency Project for community housing stock in Lebanon
  • 1998: Energy Efficiency Project in construction and thermal regulation in Tunisia
2000
2000
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  • Systematization of ex post evaluations

Ex post evaluations make it possible to measure the impacts of a project and learn lessons from it

2001-2004
2001-2004
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  • 2001: Support for sustainable fisheries management by supporting a sustainable shrimp farming project in Madagascar
  • 2003: 1st Strategic Programming Framework > FFEM formalizes a strategic vision for its operations
  • 2004: Support for the establishment of geographical indications for agricultural production thanks to the Ethiopian Home Garden Project
2007-2013
From 2007 to 2013
  • 2007: United Nations Forest Instrument
  • 2010: Nagoya Protocol and Aichi Biodiversity Targets
  • 2012: 2nd Rio Earth Summit > States initiate reflection on the post-2015 agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals
  • 2013: Minamata Convention on Mercury
2007
2007
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  • Climate change adaptation project in the Indian Ocean via capacity building

FFEM initially consisted of mitigation projects, but integrates adaptation projects into its operations

2010
2010
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  • Biodiversity conservation in West Africa via a project to manage conservation territories
  • Celebration of FFEM’s 15th anniversary at the Ministry of Economy and Finance on 6 April 2010
2011
2011
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After two major successes in 2005 and 2009, FFEM confirms its support for small NGOs in the South by renewing the Small-Scale Initiatives Program (PPI) for the third time.

  • 3rd Small-Scale Initiatives Program (PPI)

Today, a fifth phase of the PPI dedicated to African NGOs is ongoing for the period 2016-2019. Building on these successes, North African NGOs also have their dedicated financing tool: PPI-OSCAN came into being in 2013.
 

2014
2014
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  • 20th anniversary of FFEM

Building on its results, the allocations to FFEM are renewed for the period 2015-2018, for EUR 90m

2015-2016
2015-2016
  • 2015: Adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals
  • 2016: Entry into force of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change at COP21