The shoreline retreat on a number of West African coasts is caused by various natural factors related to climate change, but also human factors.
The eleven WAEMU countries are aware of the increasing impact of costal risks. In 2011, they stated their determination to pool their resources in order to create a West African Coastal Observation Mission (MOLOA), whose regional coordination is handled by the Dakar-based Center for Ecological Monitoring (CSE). This project is part of the WACA (West Africa Coastal Areas) regional technical assistance program for the sustainable development of the West African coast to combat coastal erosion and flooding, supported by the World Bank.
The project is based on four components:
- Support for the operation of MOLOA, its partners, and strengthening of its resources.
- Production of data related to understanding coastal risks and building the capacities of MOLOA, its partners and governance bodies.
- Pilot actions for adaptation and the reduction of coastal risks (soft methods).
- Communication, capitalization and scientific exchanges.
- Consolidate a shared governance of coastal areas, by strengthening the regional mechanism and national mechanisms for the observation of West African coasts, which provide reliable and updated data on the state of the coastal fringe and the pressure it is subject to;
- Safeguard ecosystems and reduce the artificialization of the coast, by identifying and promoting the contribution made by protected areas and natural areas to the resilience of West African coasts;
- Improve knowledge of environments and pressure and monitoring systems, by conducting specific studies and strengthening the system set up by MOLOA;
- Improve the resilience of territories to natural hazards and the impacts of climate change, by implementing soft pilot coastal protection solutions.
on the same region