42% of timber in Colombia is illegally commercial.
The country’s pacification process paves the way for a greater formalization of the sector and the development of marginalized regions, in particular in the Pacific, the poorest in the country.
Colombia’s Pacific Region is considered as a biodiversity hotspot.
It has over 5 million hectares of forests, but has one of the highest deforestation rates in the country. The region is mainly composed of Afro-Colombian communities who own vast collective territories. These communities are faced with high levels of poverty, precarious living conditions, high unemployment and a weak presence of the State related to a long armed conflict.
In this context, logging is necessary for their survival, provided it is conducted in an organized and legal manner.
The project is based on three components:
- Strengthen the tools and skills of actors responsible for forest management in Colombia, in order to facilitate multi-stakeholder coordination and give everyone the means to carry out their functions and governance in the territory.
- On two pilot sites, implement sustainable forest management and exploitation models, in order to strengthen the sector and create additional value for the benefit of communities.
- At local and national level, generate information on the basis of pilot experiments and scientific research, for decision-making and updating forest public policies.
The project, led by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development in Colombia in partnership with ONF International, is part of the general framework of the country’s REDD+ strategy.
- Reduction in the number of illegal timber seizures on the river and in the perimeter near or around the study area.
- Increase in professional skills and levels of understanding of communities in sustainable forest management processes.
- Increase in the capacity of local authorities to fulfill their forest functions.
- Increase in the number of m3 a year of community timber legally extracted and transported.
- Index of basic necessities and incomes of community members improved and equally balanced.
- Minimum of 36,000 hectares of forest area covered by a forest development plan and protected against uncontrolled agricultural development.