Préservation et aménagement durable de la zone patrimoniale de Xochimilco et Milpa Alta à Mexico

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CMX 1024-2011 Mai-Mexique-Julien Calas, FFEM
Protect and sustainably restore the services provided to Mexico City by the heritage area and the Xochimilco, Tláhuac and Milpa Alta RAMSAR site, as they are essential for adapting the city to climate change.

The Xochimilco, Tláhuac and Milpa Alta heritage area is vital to Mexico’s ecological balance. It was classed a World Heritage Site in 1987 because of its archaeological sites, unique farming system and the rich biodiversity. From regulating the atmosphere, to recharging groundwater reserves, providing flood protection, and emphasising cultural and touristic importance, the heritage area provides many services that are essential for a highly vulnerable city.

In the absence of adequate organised development, and faced with increasing urban pressure, its future is at risk.


The project is organised into four components :

  • A strategic and coherent development plan for the heritage area, as some actors act independently of each other. This is why it is necessary to define a joint strategy based on thorough knowledge of the area’s vulnerability. The project proposes a concerted planning approach based on a collective assessment, leading to the commitment of every participant through a signed agreement.
  • Protection and promotion of the natural and cultural heritage : implementing rapid and concrete responses to local challenges. This has three aspects: developing integrated traditional farming, promoting the ecosystem and promoting the cultural heritage.
  • Cooperation, participation and valorisation : encouraging public participation in the project by setting up a special local committee.
  • Project management : this involves taking action to develop stronger local capabilities of the Office for the Natural and Cultural World Heritage Site of Xochimilco, Tláhuac and Milpa Alta (OHA), and to encourage capitalisation and national and international dialogue on the project.
  • Within the Federal District, promotion of the idea that the area is the last green heartland of this size in Mexico City, and a defence against the harmful effects of climate change.
  • A stronger Office for the Natural and Cultural World Heritage Site of Xochimilco, Tláhuac and Milpa Alta.
  • Better practice and implementation of an integrated strategy taking into account the multi-dimensional (or multi-disciplinary) nature of a comprehensive plan for the area, that is guided by socioeconomic, environmental and heritage demands.
Project start date
Project end date
Project grant date
4 years
Duration of funding
financing tool
3 440 000 EUR
Amount of the program
1 550 000
Amount of FFEM funding
In progress
District Fédéral de Mexico
Agence Française de Développement
Institution responsible
Ville d’Amiens
Gouvernement de la Ville de Mexico

Project manager - Janique Etienne

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