Evaluation and knowledge sharing

Since its creation in 1994, the FFEM has supported innovative projects working alongside the local people in developing or emerging countries. Once evaluated and capitalised, these initiatives highlight scientific knowledge, local expertise and novel ways of working. The objective: sharing solutions to initiate large-scale change.
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Retours expériences capitalisation FFEM

The FFEM’s Capitalisation process nurtures and takes into account the full diversity of contexts, approaches and trials forming part of the projects it supports on the ground. Learnings can then be captured, together with successes achieved and the obstacles encountered. This also involves a joint approach, working alongside stakeholders on the ground as well as with French and foreign institutions to ensure these learnings are shared widely.
The innovative nature of the actions, the quality of results and the thoroughness of the evaluation process make the FFEM a key partner in preserving the global environment and sustainable development.


In addition to local experience, the evaluation and capitalisation approach has 4 aims:

  • formalising innovative virtuous practices and expertise with a view to reproducing them at larger scale as part of implementing change theory.
  • generating knowledge in global environment and sustainable development to inform debate both in France and internationally, particularly when negotiating international conventions.
  • optimising the types of intervention and support to be provided by the FFEM in preparation for future programmes and projects.
  • communicating the activities of the FFEM within current and future partnerships and in the spirit of public transparency.

These are numerous and vary depending on the objectives: evaluation at project mid-point and after completion, capitalising experiences within the project, or themed evaluation and capitalisation spanning several projects, which may be strategic or country-/region-specific etc.
The evaluation is intended to present the specific aspects of each project: the roles of those involved, the status of practices, benefits of the support provided, reasons for any failures etc. These analyses enrich the FFEM’s intervention strategies and evaluation methods, and feed in to dissemination of experiences and promoting of expertise.

The FFEM makes available all useful information relating to projects it supports to the capitalisations and evaluations coordinated by the Evaluation Office at the French Development Agency.

Protected Marine Areas


In this capitalisation, the FFEM and MPAs summarised:

  • 27 years of support to MPAs
  • Almost €50 million in subsidies
  • Over 40 projects financed in over 200 MPAs

The oceans serve as climate regulators and are pivotal to the food security of many populations; they are immense biodiversity reservoirs and essential to sustaining life on Earth. However, they are subject to many pressures and are severely threatened. MPAs have been recognised as key strategies in their preservation. In addition, they can provide axes for socio-economic development, so are ideally suited to the FFEM’s dual mandate.

For over 25 years, the FFEM has financed and supported MPA projects in many regions around the world. Given today's circumstances, the time has come to share this knowledge, the lessons learned and recommendations in order to be able to scale-up the most innovative solutions. This is the goal of this publication, the first component in a new FFEM capitalisation, which targets practitioners and decision-makers, and should help guide future action for preserving marine resources and developing the populations impacted.

Good practices:

  • Better understanding for better management
  • Engage waterside populations in management
  • Reconcile ecological, socio-economic and cultural challenges
  • Avoid viewing the MPA in isolation - it is intrinsic  to its region, so requires a regional approach
  • Strengthen the resilience of the MPA via restoration of the environments, the promotion of nature-based solutions, and the diversification of socio-economic development initiatives.
  • Future-proof the MPA by equipping it with sufficient human and financial resources, researching innovative solutions and putting in place rewarding partnerships.


Small-Scale Initiatives Programme (PPI)

Alexis Huguet

In this capitalisation, the FFEM and PPIs summarised:

  • 15 years supporting African civil society (2006 - 2021)
  • Almost €20 million in subsidies, of which 60% paid directly to CSOs
  • 331 financed projects led by 262 CSOs in 32 African countries

The Small-scale Initiatives Programmes (PPIs) have supported African civil society for 15 years in nature conservation and in local socio-economic development. With subsidies averaging €30,000 and drawing on local support, the PPIs play an important role in enhancing the skills of stakeholders on the ground, boosting their legitimacy in public debate and inspiring them to innovate for the environment and socio-economic development.

Launched in 2006 across Western and Central Africa, the very positive evaluation of the impact made by the PPI programme led to the launch of its North-African counterpart, the PPI OSCAN, in 2014. This capitalisation aims to showcase the role that African civil society can play in preserving the environment, by cross-pollinating, pooling and comparing the situations and experiences from the two programmes, with a view to optimising aid and public policies.



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The new brochure presenting intersecting capitalisation in PPI and PPI OSCAN programmes









Over 330 projects have been financed since the launch of the Small-scale Initiatives Programme (PPI) in 2006 and the PPI OSCAN (North African civil society organisations) in 2014. The FFEM, IUCN French National Committee and IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation have worked together on an intersecting capitalisation exercise for the different experiences of the PPI and PPI OSCAN.

Published in August 2021
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Publication of a new capitalisation on Protected marine areas (MPA)

Capitalisation AMP








Since its creation in 1994, the FFEM has favoured innovative environmental projects that can be replicated at larger scale. To do so, it is essential to capitalise on experiences gained from these projects and to learn from them in order to improve future projects.

Published in August 2021
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Capitalization Report – 2016 Small-Scale Initiatives Program Forum

visuel rapport final. Forum PPI2016








This report capitalizes on exchanges between participants at the PPI 2016 FORUM organized from 18 to 20 October 2016, in Limbé, in Cameroon.

The PPI 2016 Forum gathered over 70 participants from 12 countries to exchange their experiences, share their reflection and demonstrate that there is a real will to work together as a network, beyond borders, on common thematic areas.

Published in December 2016
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The 2016 Small Initiatives Program Forum: 10 years of small initiatives to protect the environment in Africa - Resource Capitalization Report

Couv Forum 10 ans PPI 2016 - Rapport final







Organized from October 18 to 20, 2016, in Limbé, Cameroon, the 2016 PPI Forum, which brought together more than 70 participants from 12 countries, was the opportunity for some of the civil society actors benefiting from the program to meet bring together to discuss their experiences, share their
Published in October 2016

projects already engaged since 1994
countries of intervention