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Organisme marin
To assist in ensuring better management of oceans by contributing to the TARA Oceans programme to encourage the development of models and indicators to observe marine biodiversity based on the planktonic system. This programme is realised by developing an international research programme with the involvement of at least six developing countries by forging a link to international institutions and communities of decision-makers.
Context

Almost 98% of ocean biomass is composed of plankton organisms that drift in the oceans with the flow of currents: viruses, bacteria, photosynthetic single celled organisms or not (protists), and small animals (zooplankton and larval stages inclusive of fish, gametes, etc.). Planktonic life plays a key role for our planet and humans.

The TARA OCEANS expedition is the first initiative in the world to focus on the study of marine plankton, a minuscule living node which not only includes marine viruses and bacteria but also larger organisms such as jellyfish. The bulk of samples and data collected, of the highest quality and well organised, wallow for highly varied research to be carried out on the global planktonic ecosystem on our planet. Approaches range from electron microscopy to high speed imagery, from metabarcoding  to metagenomics, with integration of the physico-chemical aspect for each of the extracted samples.

Description

The project has four components:

  1. Science: To contribute towards strengthening the research activity of the TARA OCEANS consortium  in addition to that of the OCEANOMICS project, and to initiate the process for establishing new models and indicators based on observation of plankton and its relationship to marine ecosystems.
  2. Strengthening capacities: To develop an international programme for structuring research on ocean life based on the experience gained by TARA OCEANS, while involving developing countries in order to enhance their capacities for involvement in this domain.
  3. Governance: To leverage the value of scientific results on the part of multilateral institutions in ocean governance processes under way within the UN : CBD, UNFCCC, DOALOS and the Nairobi, Nouméa and Abidjan Conventions.
  4. Raising awareness: Communicating the importance of marine ecosystems, and particularly in areas lying beyond national jurisdictions, in relation to the TARA expéditions.
Impacts
  • To contribute towards strengthening the research activity of the TARA OCEANS consortium in addition to that of the OCEANOMICS project, and to initiate the process for establishing new models and indicators based on observation of plankton and its relationship to marine ecosystems.
  • To develop an international programme for structuring research on ocean life based on the experience gained by TARA OCEANS, while involving developing countries in order to enhance their capacities for involvement in this domain.
  • To leverage the value of scientific results on the part of multilateral institutions in ocean governance processes under way within the UN: CBD, UNFCCC, DOALOS and the Nairobi, Nouméa and Abidjan Conventions.
  • To launch a communication campaign on the importance of marine ecosystems, and particularly in areas lying beyond national jurisdictions, in relation to TARA expéditions.
01/07/2016
Project start date
31/12/2020
Project end date
30/09/2015
Project grant date
4 years
Duration of funding
financing tool
8 641 663 EUR
Amount of the program
2 058 000
EUR
Amount of FFEM funding
In progress
Status
Fondation TARA
Beneficiaries
Ministry for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition
Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation
Institution responsible
Autres partenaires
European Molecular Biology Laboratory
Fondation TARA
Co-financiers

Project manager - Janique Etienne

etiennej@afd.fr