The transport sector generates over 23% of CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. Urban transportation is responsible for almost half of these emissions. The explosion in urban populations and increasing life expectancy have created a sharp increase in demand for urban mobility, especially in transitional and developing countries, estimated at +140% between 2000 and 2050, nine-tenths of which are in southern countries. On top of the associated greenhouse gas emissions, this creates road congestion issues, made worse by trends in urban development, and public health issues caused by air pollution and road traffic accidents.
There are some solutions available to avoid this disastrous scenario for the climate, economic attractiveness and quality of life in cities: a combination of long-term initiatives on urban planning aimed at avoiding motorised travel (densification, diversity of functions); investment encouraging shifts towards cleaner transportation methods, including public transport and “active” methods (walking and cycling); policies for the restriction of private car usage; and solutions to improve energy efficiency in vehicles and fuels.
It is crucial that developing cities should be provided with support in their transition towards more inclusive and low-carbon transportation, meeting transport demand over the long term while offering mobility solutions with lower emissions. This transition includes integrated mobility planning with “climate” objectives and resources to measure their impact.
The scheme involves eight countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia, including four countries (Cameroon, Morocco, Tunisia and Senegal) which have already been earmarked to receive support funded by the FFEM.
The five components of the scheme consist of:
- introducing and promoting a methodological framework tailored to the challenges and constraints experienced by southern countries for the planning and improvement of urban mobility at both national and local level;
- strengthening the ability of those involved in implementing national policy and local mobility plans;
- supporting the drafting and implementation of SUMP in partner cities and NUMP in partner countries;
- facilitating access to funding for the implementation of SUMPs and NUMPs;
- monitoring and consolidating the impact of mobility policies in partner cities and countries;
- providing the ability to manage, coordinate, mobilise partners and monitor the MobiliseYourCity initiative.
The initial funds financed by the FFEM provide support for the pilot phase of the initiative, with the objective of expanding it after 2018. The work with the pilot cities and countries should serve as an example and motivate other countries and cities into joining the initiative. MYC is seeking to involve at least a hundred cities in twenty countries by 2020, with the aim of sustainably transforming urban mobility over a large area in southern countries.
The international platform is intended to be a forum for intense discussion over good practices in terms of planning, and planning tools developed as part of the initiative (SUMP and NUMP drafting guidelines, training materials, prepared notes on specific elements, etc.) are be available to partner cities and countries seeking guidance.
on the same region