Energy transition and resilient cities

FFEM has long supported the energy transition in developing countries. Our objective is to contribute to climate change mitigation and socio economic development through sustainable and affordable access to energy. We also seek to adapt cities to climate change and improve people’s living conditions.


The FFEM’s work in this area falls under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement, which give equal weight to adaptation and mitigation. The FFEM also seeks to create synergies through implementation of the Montreal Protocol and the Kigali Amendment by promoting improved energy efficiency in the cooling sector. To do so, the FFEM address the energy transition and adaptation of cities and territories.
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Sustainable solutions to feed cities and adapt them to climate change


Sustainable solutions to feed cities and adapt them to climate change

Rapid urbanisation is putting increasing pressure on natural ecosystems, which can no longer play their regulating role (microclimate, drinking water supplies, flood reduction, food security, etc.). Urban areas are particularly vulnerable to climate change, and the Covid-19 pandemic revealed their vulnerability to disruptive events, with breakdowns in supply chains and increased inequalities. To make cities more resilient to natural hazards and climate change, the FFEM encourages solutions that preserve or restore ecosystem functions and maintain sustainable urban and peri-urban agriculture to help ensure food security. We are particularly interested in intermediate cities and areas with high urban growth, including the outskirts of capitals. We also encourage inclusive adaptation projects since poor neighbourhoods and informal activity zones are often located in areas that are highly vulnerable to climate change.

Energy conservation and efficiency

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Energy conservation and efficiency

The energy sector is responsible for about two-thirds of global GHG emissions, making it the primary contributor to climate change. Transitioning cities and territories to low-carbon models requires reducing energy consumption.

The FFEM supports projects that target energy efficiency and demand-side management, especially in sectors with scattered consumption such as transport, buildings, cooling, and public lighting. We are also careful to ensure that low-carbon and energy-efficiency projects provide significant social and environmental co-benefits. As such, we encourage integrated approaches that respond to the global challenges of climate change, conserving natural ecosystems, and local development.

Fair and sustainable energy transition models


Fair and sustainable energy transition models

Long-term low-carbon transition plans must be drafted to decarbonise energy mixes and uses. The energy transition requires gradually eliminating fossil fuels, which means a large part of the local workforce will need to be retrained. There are many social, political, and technical obstacles to this transition that perpetuate the use of unsustainable energy resources. It is therefore particularly important to
address social issues (particularly relating to employment) and environmental issues when planning and implementing the energy transition.

Given that nearly one person in seven has no access to electricity, expanding affordable access to reliable, sustainable, and modern energy services remains a major challenge.

The FFEM supports a fair and sustainable energy transition through which access to low-carbon energy drives development and local employment.

projects on energy and sustainable cities financed since 1995
committed to energy transition and sustainable cities over the past 28 years

A multidisciplinary approach

Human activities, particularly in urban areas, contribute to climate change as well as the loss of biodiversity and agricultural land. The energy transition and electric mobility play a critical role in reducing GHGs, but can also generate pollution and waste, with major impacts on the health of humans and ecosystems. To effectively respond to these challenges, the FFEM believes they must be addressed simultaneously. We therefore support projects in the fields of urban and territorial planning and development, energy access, and urban agriculture that take into account the convergence of climate, biodiversity and pollution.

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